Embracing “You are what you eat!”

There is an impressive density of research on the role of diet in cancer prevention, leading to numerous reports, such as that from the American Cancer Society or the World Cancer Research Fund, but only relatively recently has the research community turned to study the role of lifestyle, including diet, in cancer survivors.  Despite this, […]

Obesity, insulin resistance, and poor breast cancer survival

Several new studies published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology provide strong evidence for poor outcomes among women with breast cancer who are obese. In the largest study to date, Ewertz and colleagues followed 18,967 women who were treated for early stage breast cancer between 1977 and 2006. Evaluating recurrence and mortality, the investigators observed […]

What can you really do in 4 hours?

Full disclosure: I haven’t read “The 4-Hour Workweek” or “The 4-Hour Body.” I tend to hear about the latest “best selling” health book and let it zip in one ear and out the other. My take on making healthy choices is that they take a little time (though not a lot as Mark Bittman admirabily […]

iMotivate: What’s the Future of Gaming and Healthy Lifestyles?

We’re not big gamers here at CNiC, but there was a fascinating episode of WNCY’s radio program On the Media last week devoted solely to the topic, which had some very interesting, if also unsettling, things to say about the ways gaming culture may eventually impact the real-life choices we all make. In one segment […]

Tailored Risk Messages Increase Screening Compliance

A new report out this week highlights the value of personalized risk information, like that provided by Your Disease Risk, to the health decision making process. As we have noted before, colon cancer screening has a clear mortality benefit. In the new study, Tom Sequist and colleagues randomized half of the patients who were overdue […]

8 Ways to Prevent Breast Cancer

In our previous posts we have written about the role of postmenopausal hormones as a cause of breast cancer, the value of weight loss and increasing physical activity for prevention and improved quality of life. Here we list 8 major opportunities to reduce the chances of developing breast cancer. When in life they apply can […]

Are the New Recommendations on Vitamin D a Missed Opportunity?

The new report released today by the Institute of Medicine on recommended vitamin D intake is a bit like getting that shirt you wanted for your birthday, but it turned out to be the wrong color and the wrong size (report).  It’s sort of what you wanted but not really. While the new report kicks […]

Cancer books – do you read them?

I’ve been pretty reluctant to pick up best seller books about cancer and the history of cancer since I bought one a few years ago that I found so terrible I finally decided my time was being terribly misspent. So this morning’s Morning Edition interview with Siddhartha Mukherjee, the author of The Emperor of All […]

Obesity Causes Lymphoma and Myeloma

When the International Agency for Research on Cancer reviewed evidence on obesity and cancer in 2002 they concluded that only breast, colon, endometrial, esophagus, and kidney cancers were caused by obesity (International Agency for Research on Cancer 2002). Other cancers had only probable evidence for an association. Since 2002 numerous additional reports have been added […]

Evidence Review Shows Metformin Lowers Cancer Risk by 30 Percent

In an earlier post on CNiC, we summarized a few studies relating Metformin use to lower risk of cancer (previous post). We have also summarized the enormous range of evidence that overweight and obesity increase risk of cancer (review paper (pdf)). Now a systemic review of the published literature in the journal Cancer Prevention Research […]

CNiC Book Review: The Food Matters Cookbook

The CNiC cooking team is fortunate to have numerous wonderful resources to draw on when looking for healthy recipes that incorporate the cancer prevention principles that make up our 8 Ways to Prevent Cancer. When talking to others about these approaches, I’m often asked how much extra time and effort is required to cook this […]

Sly and the Family? The debate over deception and vegetable consumption

Recently, there’s been a lot of chatter on the blogosphere about sneaking vegetables into kid’s food. This practice gained notoriety a few years back with the publication of cookbooks by both Jessica Seinfeld (wife of Jerry) and Missy Lapine (“The Sneaky Chef”) and came back into the conversation with the publication of another cookbook by […]

Have a Family History of Breast Cancer? Keep Up a Healthy Lifestyle

Chalk another one up for the power of prevention.  While it’s easy to give in to the “heredity is destiny” mindset when it comes to diseases like breast cancer, new research from the Women’s Health Initiative suggests that women can take positive steps to lower their risk of breast cancer even if they have a […]

A Good Snack, Ruined – Movie Theater Popcorn

Fifteen years after its ground-breaking expose’ on the dietary train wreck that is movie theater popcorn, the Center for Science in the Public Interest has published results of a new study showing that little has changed when it comes to the cinema-show favorite “snack” (report). The popcorn choices carried by most major theater chains range […]

Decline in smoking stalls in US

Despite the high priority for tobacco control new CDC data show the decline in smoking has stalled (see story). As we have note previously, smoking is the leading cause of cancer. It causes more than 30% of all cancers in the United States and an increasing cause on developing countries as smoking rates rise throughout […]

Carrots, Sticks, and the Potential Benefits of Health Incentives

It’s a common theme here at Cancer News in Context – the important role our social and physical surroundings play in our health choices (previous posts).  The current issue of CDC’s journal, Preventing Chronic Disease, is devoted almost solely to one aspect of this: creating incentives for individuals or communities to make positive health choices.  Because […]

Obesity Epidemic: Let’s move from media attention to action

We have covered numerous aspect of the obesity epidemic over the past 3 months. The report last week on rising obesity in America continues to point to the growing burden now and into the future that our lifestyle and social structures are  facilitating. Time (see article) covered a new research study showing weight gain during […]

Obesity: Disturbing Rates Even if Trends Show a Glimmer of Hope

The health making headline this morning is the latest data out of the CDC indicating that obesity rates are continuing to rise across the country – topping 30% of the population in nine US states. Yet, just a few months ago, weren’t we celebrating the headline that obesity rates had plateaued and stopped rising based […]

Treatment, costs, and the value of cancer prevention

Yesterday in the New York Times, Jane Brody reminded us of the importance of cancer prevention when focusing on tobacco, the leading cause of cancer in the US and the world. This preventable cause of cancer continues to be marketed, but how do we quantify the prevention efforts that range from international agreements to counter […]

Screening, early detection, and risk reduction

While awareness continues to grow that screening for breast cancer, like other screening tests, aims to detect cancer earlier, when it is more successfully treated, it is clear that screening tests are not perfect and those who test positive require additional follow-up to confirm the diagnosis and chose an appropriate therapy. Equally important, but less […]

Does Prevention Pay?

Dr. Charles recently posted over at KevinMD on the top 10 cost effective preventive medicine services.1) Aspirin2) Childhood Immunization3) Smoking cessation4) Moderating alcohol intake5) Colorectal cancer screening6) Hypertension screening7) Flu immunization8) Vision screening9) Cervical cancer screening10) Cholesterol screening The exciting thing here is some of these cost effective strategies also relate to cancer and many […]

Later age at first birth and increase in breast cancer risk

A British media story today points to later age at first birth as a major cause of increasing breast cancer rates in the UK (see story). This is not news, though increasing knowledge about causes of breast cancer is useful. We have known for decades that the later a women ahs her first birth the […]

What’s the point of posting your bra color?

KevinMD has had some great guest posts recently including one by Kenneth Lin (http://commonsensemd.blogspot.com/) on the need (or not) for cancer awareness. Dr. Lin references the recent Facebook campaign that had women posting their bra color to raise breast cancer awareness – which had me wondering whether anyone is really not “aware” of breast cancer […]

Practicing Prevention: Using Produce from a Farm Share

As someone who spent a lot of childhood summers on a dairy farm (my grandfather’s), I became accustomed to the (superior) taste of freshly picked fruit and vegetables and missed them when I made the move to the big city. I also believe in supporting family farms. When I was single, this meant trekking to […]

Pedal Power: Modest Amounts of Bicycling Show Big Benefits for Weight Control

Walking has long been the preferred mode of exercise for a good many people, but the results of a new study may have bicycling give it some competition.  The large Harvard study published this week in the Archives of Internal Medicine (study) found that modest amounts of bicycling could help significantly stem weight gain in […]

Cell phone towers and cancer risk

A detailed analysis of some 1397 children with cancer between ages 0 and 4 evaluated the exposure of mothers to cell phone towers based on residence at birth of the child (see study). These children with cancer were compared to 5588 children born on the same day who were free from cancer. This detailed study […]

Preventing Cancer: Who Has Time?

In honor of Father’s Day, the New York Times reports that fathers are now just as stressed out as their wives over balancing work and family. As we struggle to deliver 200% at work each day and come home and offer the same to our children and spouses, it can be easy to let the […]

Genetic Predisposition to Cancer: Family History is Important and Often Under Recorded

This week the New York Times (editorial) again points to the realization that after 10 years of extensive research that has advanced scientific understanding of human genetics we are still a long way off from quantifiable clinical benefits. Importantly, the value of a family history in clinical practice has received much attention from NIH consensus […]

Crimson Tide: Change in the Navy’s Submarine Smoking Policy

The US navy announced last week that smoking would no longer be allowed on submarines. As reported in the New York Times (link), the military has a long history with the tobacco industry and was responsible for starting a generation of smokers through the issuance of cigarettes to soldiers in their meals ready to eat […]

Leaving on a Jet Plane: Making Healthy Choices on the Road

This is a month packed with travel to meetings for me. It coincided with giving a talk to a group that spends a lot of time on the road planning and organizing meetings about making and offering healthy choices. This got me thinking about the things I’ve learned about healthy eating while making my way […]

Progress for Heart Attacks and What This Means for Cancer Prevention

New data reported this week in the New England Journal of Medicine show a reduction in incidence of myocardial infarction and improved survival after heart attack (Yeh, et al). This population based study from Kaiser Permanente in Northern California highlights the relatively rapid effect that improvements in the managing of risk factors can have on cardiovascular disease. […]

Adolescent & Young Adult Drinking, Benign Breast Disease, and Cancer Risk

In results widely reported this week, a new study has found strong links between the drinking behavior of young women and adolescent girls and their later risk of developing benign breast disease, a marker of future risk for breast cancer (study link) (1). The study, published early online in the journal Pediatrics, surveyed close to […]

3222.0 – Population Projections, Australia, 2006 to 2101

Australian population growth projection leads to increasing burden of cancer for health services and for the community. The continuing growth through births and migration lead to projections that the Australian population will substantially increase in size and in age over the next 50 years. By 2056 5% percent or more of the population will be […]