Melody Goodman, MS, PhD

Assistant Professor, Division of Public Health Sciences
Department of Surgery
(314) 362-1183


Research Overview
Melody Goodman is a biostatistician in the Division of Public Health Sciences at Washington University School of Medicine. Her research interest and emphasis within the Goodman Lab will be placed on identifying origins of health disparities and developing, as necessary, evidence-based primary prevention strategies to reduce these health disparities. We seek to develop a more rigorous understanding of the social risk factors that contribute to health disparities in the St. Louis metropolitan area with the goal of developing culturally competent, region-specific solutions through collaborative activities with community members, community-based organizations, faith-based organizations and faculty at Washington University School of Medicine and at the Brown School of Social Work at Washington University. The purpose of this work is not to continue to identify problems; rather, our work focuses on the development of solutions for improving health in communities.  

Dr. Goodman has two primary lines of research: 1) a biostatistical track that conducts applied statistical research on methods for community-based cancer interventions and health disparities research; and 2) a community-based public health track that will focus on developing the infrastructure for community-based participatory research through academic community collaborations, as well as the implementation and evaluation of community-based participatory research projects to reduce health disparities.

Research Lab Contact Information
Goldie Komaie - (314) 747-2183 or

GrantsThe Program for the Elimination of Cancer Disparities (PECaD) 
Funding agency: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Role: Pilot Project PI

The Community Research Fellows Training Program is a comprehensive public health research training course for community members in the St. Louis Greater Metropolitan Area. The goal of this training program is to promote the role of racial/ethnic and other underserved populations in the research enterprise by increasing the capacity for community-based participatory research between researchers at Washington University in St. Louis and community-based organizations and community health workers serving the St. Louis Greater Metropolitan area to address health disparities.

The Community Research Fellows Training Program is adapted from the Community Alliance for Research Empowering Social change (CARES) Fellows Research Training, which was designed to implement culturally appropriate ways to increase scientific literacy among community members. Both programs share the goals of training community members to: 1) become good consumers of research; 2) understand the utility of research in improving health outcomes in their communities; and 3) increase their understanding of how to work with academic researchers.

Community Engagement/ Building the Infrastructure for CBPR
Dr. Goodman is committed and dedicated to improving health outcomes among minority and medically underserved communities by building community capacity and forging sustainable relationships with key community leaders and health stakeholders. She has worked collaboratively with diverse community members to build an infrastructure for Community Based Participatory Research (CBPR). Dr. Goodman provides her research expertise to community-based organizations, developing survey instruments, evaluating projects and establishing a collaborative framework that engages community members to participate in evidence-based public health research.   

Through an incremental multifaceted approach, Dr. Goodman developed the Suffolk County Minority Health Action Coalition (SMHAC), Community Alliance for Research Empowering Social change (CARES) and worked with academic scholars, thought leaders and community health professionals, to develop the Long Island Think Tank for Black Progress. LITTBP has received its 501 (c) 3 status, and the board members are working with Dr. Goodman to develop strategies and solutions to address the health, education, social and political ills confronting black communities on Long Island. These community-driven initiatives have received local and national grant funding from the following agencies: Long Island Community Foundation, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Verizon Foundation and the National Institute of Child Health & Human Development/National Institute of Health.

Peer-Reviewed Manuscripts

  1. Melody Goodman, Yi Li, Gary Bennett, Anne Stoddard, and Karen Emmons. An Evaluation of Multiple Behavioral Risk Factors for Cancer in a Working Class, Multi-Ethnic Population. Journal of Data Science. 2006 July 4:291-306.
  2. Bennett GG, Wolin KY, Goodman M, Samplin-Salgado, Carter PM, Dutton S, Hill R, Emmons KM. Attitudes regarding overweight, exercise, and health among Blacks. Cancer Causes and Control. 2006 Feb;17:95-101.
  3. Carolyn Gallagher and Melody Goodman. Hepatitis B triple series vaccine and developmental disability in U.S. children aged 1-9 years. Toxicology & Environmental Chemistry. 2008 Sep;90(5):997-1008.
  4. Fowler-Brown A, Bennett G, Goodman M, Wee C, Corbie-Smith G, James S. Psychosocial Stress and 13-year Body Mass Index Change in Blacks:  The Pitt County Study. Obesity 2009;17(11): 2106–2109.
  5. Taira BR, Meng H, Goodman M, Singer AJ. Does time of admission influence outcomes in burn patients? Burns: Journal of the International Society of Burn Injury. 2009; 35(8):1092-1096.
  6. Melody Goodman. Comparison of Small-Area Analysis Techniques for Estimating Prevalence by Race.  Preventing Chronic Disease 2010;7(2):A33.
  7. Gallagher, Carolyn M, and Goodman, Melody S. Hepatitis B Vaccination of Male Neonates and Autism Diagnosis, NHIS 1997-2002. Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, Part A, 2010 73:24, 1665-1677.
  8. Melody Goodman, Janice Johnson Dias, and Jewel Stafford. Increasing Research Literacy in Minority Communities: CARES Fellows Training Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics. 2010;5(4) 33-41
  9. Robert Katz, Franklin Dexter, Kenneth Rosenfeld, Laura Wolfe, Valerie Redmond, Deepti Agarwal, Irim Slaik, Karen Goldsteen, Melody Goodman and Peter Glass. Survey study of anesthesiologists’ and surgeons’ ordering of unnecessary preoperative laboratory test. Anesthesia & Analgesia. 2011;112(1) 207-212
  10. Ashida S, Goodman M, Pandaya C, Koehly L, Lachance C, Stafford J, Kaphingst K. Age differences in health literacy, genetic knowledge, and beliefs about disease causation. Public Health Genomics. 2011;14:307-316
  11. Melody S. Goodman, Yi Li, and Ram C. Tiwari. Detecting Multiple Change Points in Piecewise Constant Survival Functions.  Journal of Applied Statistics. 2011;38(11)2523-2532.
  12. Kaphingst, KA, Goodman MS, Pyke OJ, Stafford JD, Lachance C. Relationship between Perceived Racial Composition and Health Literacy among Community Health Center Patients. Health Education & Behavior. 2012;39(1):35-44
  13. Darlow S, Goodman MS, Stafford JD, Lachance CR, Kaphingst KA. Weight perceptions and perceived risk for diabetes and heart disease among overweight and obese women, Suffolk County, New York, 2008. Prev Chronic Dis 2012;9:110185. DOI:
  14. Goodman MS, Li Y. Nonparametric Diagnostic Test for Conditional Logistic Regression. J Biomet Biostat. 2012;3(2). doi:10.4172/2155-6180.1000136. Click here for R code.
  15. Kimberly A. Kaphingst, Melody Goodman, Chintan Pandya, Priyanka Garg, Jewel Stafford, Christina Lachance. Factors affecting frequency of communication about family health history with family members and doctors in a medically underserved population. Patient Education and Counseling DOI: 10.1016/j.pec.2011.11.013  (in press)
  16. Melody Goodman, Xuemei Si, Jewel Stafford, Adesuwa Obasohan, Cheryl Mchunguzi. Quantitative Assessment of Participant Knowledge and Evaluation of Participant Satisfaction in the CARES Training Program. Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education and Action (in press)
  17. Sato Ashida, Melody Goodman, Jewel Stafford, Christina Lachance, Kimberly Kaphingst. Perceived familiarity with and importance of family health history among a medically underserved population. Journal of Community Genetics. (in press)
  18. Melody S. Goodman, Darrell J. Gaskin, Xuemei Si, Jewel D. Stafford, Christina Lachance, Kimberly Kaphingst. Self-reported segregation experience throughout the life course and its association with adequate health literacy. Health & Place. (in press)
  19. Bertha Hildalgo and Melody Goodman. Multivariate or Multivariable Regression? American Journal of Public Health. (in press)